History and Modernity. The Great Silk Road, trade and city

in Silver Bloggers2 months ago (edited)

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View of the building of the trading Passage of the Yaushev brothers before the 1917 coup.

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The modern view of the building of the shopping Passage by the Yaushev brothers.

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Today the building is in poor condition and is crumbling. Before that, there was a factory here.

The history of the city of Troitsk is interesting and diverse from spirituality and enlightenment to the development of the Cossacks and merchants. Religion here has always been mixed - Orthodoxy and Islam. That is, the city had the status of an ethnically Slavic-Turkic direction. The peoples who inhabited this place have always lived side by side. These are Russians, Germans, Jews, Tatars, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz. The city of Troitsk itself was founded in 1743 on the border in front of the Great Steppe (Kaisak-Kyrgyz steppe), as an outpost of the Russian Empire. But the city was also a significant spiritual center of both Orthodoxy and Islam.

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At first, the whole world (people) built a temple for the city so that people would go to services.

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And then the same people began to destroy what their ancestors, fathers and grandfathers, built.

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This was the propaganda of the Bolsheviks. Children play on the graves of their ancestors...

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From the first try, the barbarians could not completely blow up the temple. He resisted...

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Then they laid three times more explosives. And they destroyed the beautiful temple of the city.

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And in its place they built this terrible and primitive-looking building, like a box for the CPSU.

Troitsk itself is conveniently located in the interfluve, being in the middle of the rivers Uy and Uvelka (Turkic names). From the very name it is clear that the city was named after the Holy Trinity, and on this day the Trinity Fair was always open. At first, it was an exchange trade, and then, by the decree of Catherine II, the fair became a large and small wholesale trade. They traded here in both European and Asian goods. Packed caravans came to the city every week and left Troitsk for China, Central and Central Asia, and from here they carried outlandish goods, jewelry, oriental spices, carpets and unprecedented fruits to the West.

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An old photograph (1903) of the very first stone Orthodox cathedral in the Trinity Fortress.

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When there was a peasant uprising led by Pugachev, the city of Troitsk was taken by storm.

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Pugachev shot at the door of this temple. And a day later, his troops were defeated and the flight began... It was at Troitskov that Pugachev's first defeat took place. And then he was caught and executed on Bolotnaya Square in Moscow. The uprising lasted from 1773 to 1774.

Even American companies traded at the fair, selling well-known Winchesters. These rifles were in great demand in Asia. The Trinity Fair in the Russian Empire ranked third in terms of turnover - after the Nizhny Novgorod and Irbit fairs. But it differed from these fairs in that trade in Troitsk took place from the first days of June to the end of November. The Nizhny Novgorod fair was two months in duration, and the Irbitskaya fair was only one month a year. And, as we understand, all the merchants from these fairs went directly to Troitsk.

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Bourse hotel merchants Bashkirov. The building was completed in just 10 months...

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The modern look of this beautiful building. Art Nouveau architecture. There is also a hotel here.

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View of the hotel building from the side of the former Bazarnaya street in the city of Troitsk.

The city with its rapid economic development, international trade, many, many - confessional, multinational, multilingual, polyethnic can be called a new Babylon. All this clearly influenced not only the development of the region, but also the development of trade of the Russian Empire with the countries of the East and West. This is how the city was seen by all arriving people, accepting it more as an oriental, Asian one. And so he, in fact, remained to this day. XVIII-XIX centuries became the most flourishing for the construction of the city. Over the years, many beautiful stone houses were built, where merchants, industrialists and wealthy nobles lived.

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Bakirov's trading house at the lower bazaar. One of the most elegant buildings in the city.

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And this is the state of this building today. One businessman is carrying out a restoration today.

And also erected - 12 Orthodox churches and a diocese, 7 mosques and madrasahs, a Jewish synagogue and it was planned to build a German Catholic cathedral. The city was built according to the German plan, which can be clearly seen from its streets today. Troitsk also had its own theater, and until 1914 a second drama theater was built, which was never launched. The Real Technical School was opened, where engineers were trained, to a greater extent for the railway built by Troitsky merchants from Chelyabinsk to Kustanai. To teach children, two gymnasiums were opened - a male and a female. There were also two cinemas and a circus.

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Living and shopping arcades of the city. It was the most prestigious place for merchants.

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A modern view of the complex of the former hotel and shopping arcade of the city of Troitsk.

German Zucker opened a brewery and produced Siberian Bavaria beer. What is remarkable - 105 newspapers and magazines were published in the city, almost every merchant had his own small printing house. A shopping arcade and a first-class hotel were built in the city for guests of the city, more than visiting merchants. There were even two prisons in Troitsk - one for ordinary criminals and those leaving the Siberian stage (it passed just through the city), and the second political one for exiles. In the city, after the coup of 1917 during secular times and until the famous 90s, industry, all kinds of crafts, were rapidly developing, factories and factories were built.

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Monument to the Tsar-Liberator in Troitsk. Built at the expense of the townspeople in 1886.

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The Bolsheviks threw the Tsar from the monument and put their leader in his place. Somehow it turned out badly with this monument. The Bolsheviks did not know how to create, they only destroyed everything... Such is the story of the comrades. But this idol cannot be demolished for some reason?

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Former cathedral lane and a view of the Menovaya and the Trade yard with the city customs.

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The modern look of this place overlooks the Holy Trinity Cathedral. The street is in poor condition.

HISTORY AND MODERNITY. GREAT SILK ROAD, TRADE AND CITY.

And also the city of Troitsk - yesterday and today. Many secondary, special schools, technical schools and universities were opened. The city in the 80s had more than 86 thousand population, and with the onset of the academic year it immediately increased by 15 thousand people due to the influx of students and students. Further, we can say that all these peoples who lived earlier and who came here played a huge role for the city in terms of cultural heritage, economic and financial development, political and military formation in the borderlands of Russia. Even a certain phenomenon of the development of the Cossacks and the merchant people (merchants) was formed at the turn of these centuries, right up to our times. The Trinity Fortress was assaulted by E.I. Pugachev. And it should be recalled that our famous fabulist I.A. Krylov, lawyer F.N. Plevako, poet B.A. Ruchev, writer M.N. Gafuri, once visited the city and the All-Russian Emperor Nicholas II, here for two years the ataman A.I. Dutov, Admiral A.V. Kolchak. These were the pages of the development of the city, which is located today on the Great Silk Road, where the international trade of Russia with the countries of Central and Central Asia, including China, developed. After the 90s, the revival of the Great Silk Road began.

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Troitsk, February 1919. Ataman Dutov A.I. Admiral Kolchak A.V. General Akulinin I.G. and Archbishop Methodius (Gerasimov). Ataman Dutov ruled the city of Troitsk for 2 years. When the city was taken by the Bolsheviks, most of the Cossacks went to Central Asia and China.

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Sending a caravan of camels with goods from Troitsk to Central Asia.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
-original photo;
-first publication;
-camera Sony 16.2.

Old photographs were taken from the archives of the city of Troitsk and Orenburg.

Photos posted by me are clickable. They can be viewed in large size by clicking on the photo.

Photos were taken with the size of 2592 x 1944 pixels.
For insertion into a post on Ecency and Hive, the size is reduced to 1280 x 960 points..
Photo taken - Sony 16.2 - 3x Zoom, Vario-Tessar lens.

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Fascinating. Thank you.

 2 months ago  

Gosh @antikus369, this is such an interesting blog on the history of your country. How sad that people have destroyed some beautiful historical buildings throughout the ages and still continue today!
On another note, a huge thank you for your generous delegation to #silverbloggers.

The destruction of such beautiful buildings that have been built for centuries is a real tragedy. There is no such architecture today.
Delegated to HP #silverbloggers to support the Silver Bloggers community to grow faster and more successfully.
I like everything in your community, it is good and pleasant to do creative work together.
Thank you!