Masurias darkest place: In Hitlers "mosquito hole"

in Pinmapple4 months ago

Read this post on TravelFeed.io for the best experience



We are in Poland, a country near and far away at the same time. What adventures are waiting there? Today we are starting our tour on the Krutynia, the most beautiful paddling river in Europe. After the tour we*re now visiting one of the darkest places in whole Europe. Follow me under the surface into the ruins of Hitlers concrete castle Wolfs Lair. Were visiting Mauerwald and Hitlers headquarter Wolfsschanze today.

You can read the first part here, second here3 here and 4 here and the 5 here, 6 here and more here and here

It is supposed to be here somewhere, the legendary Amber Room. We are in the middle of Poland, far in the East, in an area contaminated by history. Here in the Mauerwald area, the German Wehrmacht High Command once directed the millions of soldiers marching to the East from a rieige bunker complex.

Small people, giant Größenwahn (megalomania)
Small people, giant Größenwahn (megalomania)

Not far away, Adolf Hitler had his headquarters, a bunker city he called "Wolfsschanze", polish: Wilczy Szaniec. Everything lies in ruins today. But they are impressive: Concrete castles under green nature, trees growing from stones and the time seems frozen.

Hitler’s headquarters are like a labyrinth
Hitler's headquarters are like a labyrinth

The "Wall Forest"

Most recently, the Wall Forest in Mamerki, Masuria, made headlines with a new lead to the legendary Amber Room. Researchers had discovered clues that the Nazis might have hidden the unique treasure they looted in Russia on the grounds of the Mauerwald bunker complex in a previously unknown secret chamber. Misinformation, the stolen room was again not found. But the historically rich region around Ketrzyn (Rastenburg) attracted attention again.

High like natural rocks are the concrete mountains
High like natural rocks are the concrete mountains

Both the army headquarters and Hitler's concrete castles are gloomy places deep in the forest, from which the fascination of evil jumps out at the visitor. Every year, a few hundred thousand visitors come in search of the spooky thrill. We are there, walking along the same paths that the nazi mass murderers once walked.

How fitting. It rains on time in the gloomy valley
How fitting. It rains on time in the gloomy valley

A lots of mines

Surrounded by forests, lakes and lots of mines, Hitler and his command staff moved into bunkers with walls and ceilings made of meter-thick concrete more than 80 years ago. For 800 days, the dictator lived and ruled in this control center of terror; the bunkers, then still build with damp concrete, were home to the most powerful man in the world. From here he directed the campaign of extermination against the Soviet Union.

Ten meters thick are the walls around Hitlers rooms
Ten meters thick are the walls around Hitlers rooms

Here he ordered women and children in rebellious Warsaw to be shot and the city razed to the ground. And it was here that Stauffenberg's assassination attempt to free Germany from Nazi barbarism failed. As the Red Army approached in 1945, the Nazi leadership itself decided to blow up the quarter.

There are countless buildings and bunkers in the middle of the forest
There are countless buildings and bunkers in the middle of the forest

Bizarrely twistes ruins

What remained were ruins, some of them bizarrely twisted, that populate the forest like primeval creatures. Covered by lichen and moss, overgrown by grass and ferns. An unreal and eerie atmosphere, which one leaves hurriedly after two hours, also because of the mosquitoes.

Signs of the times
Signs of the times

The Wolfschanze (Wolfs Laird) was the largest of the so-called "Führer headquarters" during World War II. A place that was kept secret for a long time in the Nazi state and around which legends and rumors grew. A German place of fate.

They stirred algae into the concrete
They stirred algae into the concrete

The Mauerwald (Wall Forest) is less known and it is less visited, although it is only about 20 kilometers away. If the huge bunkers of the Wolfsschanze are a symbol of the megalomania of the National Socialists, Mauerwald, with its mossy concrete colosses scattered in the marshy forest, is a record of Hitler's insane decisions.

The ladder was shortened
The ladder was shortened

Hitles Mosquito hole

Thousands of people were forced to live here on his orders, a small town with health-threatening air, full of mosquitoes, dampness and confinement, called "Mückenloch" ("Mosquito hole") by its inhabitants. The generals of the German Wehrmacht unconditionally submitted to the demands of the "Fuehrer" in this respect as well: they moved into the isolation of barricade circles and bunkers, which were built with by the workers and construction machines from the bulding site "Masurian Canal", that was shuted downd before.

From the roofs of ”Mauerwald” you can see this beautiful lake
From the roofs of "Mauerwald" you can see this beautiful lake

While Germany's cities slowly sank into rubble, tens of thousands of workers were employed here in the following years. Every man was replaced every six months and everyone allowed to work on only one construction section. The camouflage name of the alleged factory was "Chemische Werke Askania".

A loophole
A loophole

Walls, 10 meters thick

Seven massive bunkers with walls more than 10 meters thick were built, as well as countless light bunkers and residential buildings for more than 2000 officers and crews. At times, up to 6000 people lived here. Camouflage was provided by the workers of a gardening company. Camouflage nets, the facilities plastered with mortar, which was mixed with seaweed because of the structure, completed the perfect camouflage.

The building of the ”Oberquartiermeister” Gen. Wagner
The building of the "Oberquartiermeister" Gen. Wagner

All this can still be seen today, because every blasting attempts failed. What remains are concrete giants, half collapsed, half still recognizable in their original form. The complex had a rail connection, two airports, three restricted areas, extensive mine belts and miles of barbed wire fences.

Remains of a brick building
Remains of a brick building

Only for air raids

Barracks served as living quarters, and the bunkers were only visited in the event of an air raid how Hitler it feared. Clearing the approximately 50,000 land mines buried around the site alone took more than 10 years, during which numerous sappers were injured and killed.

This way is closed
This way is closed

Hitler attracted all his paladins like a magnet. Himmler built his "Black Redoubt" (Hochwald) at some distance, Secretary of State Ernst von Weizsäcker took up residence in the lavishly renovated wing of Steinort Castle.

Inside a ruin
Inside a ruin

The black heart of the Nazi Empire

Until 1944, Hitler ruled his empire mainly from here, an he was staying even after the failed Stauffenberg attack. He did not leave Wolfsschanze until November 1944, when the Red Army broke through the 700-kilometer front of Army Group Center with "Operation Bagration." The dark chapter in the history of the actually so beautiful forests of Masuria has left behind indelible traces and images that no one who has seen them with their own eyes can forget.

Falling rocks
Falling rocks

Thank you for reading and if you like my work please follow me          on HiveTravelfeed or Steem or visit my homepage koenau.de

A few more pictures for you:

Moos grows on the roofs
Moos grows on the roofs

Bunkers huge like skysrapers
Bunkers huge like skysrapers

It seems the sticks support the walls
It seems the sticks support the walls

The walls are like rocks
The walls are like rocks

Barbed wires
Barbed wires

Outside they show weapons
Outside they show weapons

Ruins of the III. Reich
Ruins of the III. Reich

Remainings are everywhere
Remainings are everywhere

All attempts to blow the bunkers up failed
All attempts to blow the bunkers up failed

Tourists are coming to see the secret headquarter
Tourists are coming to see the secret headquarter

Concrete castles in the woods
Concrete castles in the woods


View this post on TravelFeed for the best experience.
Sort:  

Congratulations, your post has been added to Pinmapple! 🎉🥳🍍

Did you know you have your own profile map?
And every post has their own map too!

Want to have your post on the map too?

  • Go to Pinmapple
  • Click the get code button
  • Click on the map where your post should be (zoom in if needed)
  • Copy and paste the generated code in your post (Hive only)
  • Congrats, your post is now on the map!

Your content has been voted as a part of Encouragement program. Keep up the good work!

Use Ecency daily to boost your growth on platform!

Support Ecency
Vote for new Proposal
Delegate HP and earn more

Congratulations @koenau! You received the biggest smile and some love from TravelFeed! Keep up the amazing blog. 😍 Your post was also chosen as top pick of the day and is now featured on the TravelFeed.io front page.

Thanks for using TravelFeed!
@smeralda (TravelFeed team)

PS: TravelFeed is in social media to reach more people, follow us on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter.