Floating offshore wind to supply all energy demand/Eólica marina flotante para generar toda la demanda de energía

in #science28 days ago


Source

Floating offshore wind technology is the deployment of offshore wind turbines installed on floating platforms for those places where conventional platforms cannot be installed because they are too deep.

La tecnología eólica marina flotante es el despliegue de turbinas eólicas situadas en alta mar instaladas en plataformas flotantes para aquellos lugares donde no pueden instalarse plataformas convencionales por tener mucha profundidad.

Conventional offshore wind turbines are installed close to the coast which implies installing complex structures that secure the generators that are very expensive.

Las turbinas eólicas marinas convencionales se instalan cerca de la costa lo que implica instalar complejas estructuras que aseguren los generadores que son muy costosas.

According to experts, the turbines could be built and assembled on land and later moved to the high seas and stabilized there using semi-submersible tools and anchor buoys.

Según los expertos, las turbinas podrían construirse y ensamblarse en tierra para posteriormente trasladarla hasta alta mar y allí estabilizarla mediante herramientas semi-sumergibles y boyas de anclaje.


Source

In addition to having a lower environmental impact since it is not necessary to invade the seabed for its installation, it will obtain a greater energy efficiency because in the high seas the winds are much stronger and continuous.

Además de suponer un menor impacto ambiental ya que no es necesario invadir los fondos marinos para su instalación, obtendrá un mayor rendimiento energético pues en alta mar los vientos son mucho más fuertes y continuos.

At the moment they are still expensive to build and, of course, they produce less energy than an oil plant but, in addition to being cleaner, the oil will run out sooner rather than later and the wind is unlimited.

Por el momento siguen siendo caras de construir y, por supuesto, producen menos energía que una planta petrolífera pero, además de ser más limpia, el petróleo más bien pronto que tarde se terminará y el viento es inagotable.

Although the development of these platforms is still expensive, some projects under development in Europe seem to demonstrate the viability of this technology in the near futur

Aunque todavía resulta caro el desarrollo de estas plataformas algunos proyectos en desarrollo en Europa parecen demostrar la viabilidad de esta tecnología en un futuro cercano.


Source

During the last event on offshore wind energy organized by the European wind energy association, Wind Europe, it was proposed to have 17,000 MW production in Europe by 2050 with this technology.

Durante el último evento sobre energía eólica marina organizada por la asociación europea de energía eólica, Wind Europe, se propuso que tener en Europa para el año 2050 una producción 17.000 MW con esta tecnología.

If we could combine this with the wireless transmission of energy that we mentioned in a post a few days ago, we could sow the wide sea of platforms of this type to supply energy to the whole world, at least there is enough space.

Si pudiésemos unir esto a la transmisión inalámbrica de energía que comentábamos en un post hace unos días, podríamos sembrar el ancho mar de plataformas de este tipo para abastecer de energía a todo el mundo, al menos espacio hay bastante.

More information/Más información:
https://theconversation.com/floating-wind-farms-how-to-make-them-the-future-of-green-electricity-142847
https://elperiodicodelaenergia.com/la-eolica-marina-flotante-podria-generar-ella-sola-mas-energia-de-la-que-se-consume-en-el-mundo/

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