Bankruptcies in Third-World Countries - Why South Asian countries are failing?

in LeoFinance9 months ago

The distressing trend of bank bankruptcies in third-world countries, particularly in regions like South Asia, demands a deep financial analysis to understand the underlying causes. South Asian countries, including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka, have faced a series of banking crises that reflect a combination of systemic issues and specific regional challenges.

Let's see some recent data and analyze the factors so we can understand the South Asian economy better.

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High Non-Performing Loan Ratios

One of the significant factors contributing to bank bankruptcies is the high non-performing loan (NPL) ratios prevalent in these countries. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), NPL ratios for some South Asian countries have consistently been above the global average. For instance, in 2020, India's NPL ratio stood at around 8%, much higher than the global average of 5.3%. Such high ratios strain bank balance sheets, erode profitability and undermine the stability of the financial system.

We never can ignore the fact that the governance in these countries is weak compared to other countries.

Weak corporate governance practices and inadequate risk management systems are common challenges faced by banks in South Asia. A lack of transparency, coupled with poor risk assessment processes, can result in a concentration of risk in a few sectors or entities. This vulnerability was evident in the collapse of several banks in Bangladesh and Pakistan, where fraudulent activities and weak risk management practices contributed to their downfall.

Now political turmoil is something we need to talk about when we analyze this financially.

For example, Some Bangladeshi banks have gone bankrupt by sanctioning personal loans as well as industrial to benefit some people/groups. You will see a similar scenario in countries as well.
This leads to misallocation of funds, a rise in bad loans, and overall systemic fragility.

Underdeveloped Capital Markets and Liquidity Challenges

Lack of well-developed capital markets and reliance on traditional banking sources for funding can expose banks to liquidity risks. South Asian economies often face periods of liquidity crunch due to various macroeconomic factors, impacting banks' ability to meet depositors' demands. For instance, Sri Lanka's recent foreign exchange crisis led to concerns over its banks' ability to honor external obligations.

Also, we can't ignore the fact that lower growth rates bring fewer business opportunities and weaker credit demand, affecting banks' profitability in these countries. Additionally, income inequality can lead to a higher default rate among borrowers, as the lower-income segments struggle to service their debts.

Everything is wrapped here with one another and it's hard to get out from this circle. But the interesting thing is the solution is in our hands. If the government wants then it's just a matter of time to solve them; possible in 5 years, if not 10!

Strengthening regulatory frameworks, enhancing corporate governance practices, and investing in robust risk management systems are imperative. Building well-functioning capital markets can provide alternative funding sources for banks, reducing their reliance on traditional deposits.

Alas! Seems like the people in power are more interested in political/individual gain rather than benefitting the general people and the country as a whole.

To mitigate the challenges and ensure a stable banking environment, governments, and regulatory bodies must collaborate to implement reforms that strengthen risk management, governance, and transparency. This will not only foster stability within the financial sector but also lay the groundwork for sustainable economic growth in these regions.

I hope things will change.



Posted Using LeoFinance Alpha