Threonine - Functions, Benefits, and Side Effects

in StemSocial11 months ago



Essential amino acids are substances that cannot produce in the human body, so they need to be taken from whole foods that contain essential protein. The human body needs 20 types of amino acids that help form protein, 9 of which belong to the essential amino acid that I will discuss in this post, called Threonine.

About Threonine

Threonine is one of the twenty protein amino acids found in life. It is an essential amino acid, which means that our body cannot produce it on its own and must be obtained from food or supplements. Threonine is found in foods like meat, eggs and nuts, and is also an important ingredient in many protein supplement products.

The body decomposes threonine into simple substances like acetyl-threonine and 2-amino-3-ketobutyrate. The body then can utilise these substances in a variety of biological processes. For example, acetyl-threonine can be used in the production of collagen, a protein found in skin, bones and connective tissue.

Threonine contributes in made of glycine, an amino acid that is important in the production of hemoglobin, the protein that carries oxygen around the body.

Threonine is also involved in the production of white blood cells and the immune system. This amino acid is vital for fighting infection and disease. This essential amino acid is also used to produce neurotransmitters like serotonin and melatonin, which play crucial functions in mental health and good quality sleep. Threonine is known as a precursor for other amino acids like proline and hydroxyproline, which are essential for collagen production. When the body needs collagen, it uses threonine to make proline and hydroxyproline, which are then used to form collagen.

However, although threonine has many health benefits, too much consumption can also cause side effects. High doses of threonine can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, seizures, and kidney problems. Therefore, it is so necessary to follow the recommended dosage and consult a doctor or nutritionist before taking threonine supplements.


Threonine is an essential amino acid that functions in many biological processes, including the production of collagen, neurotransmitters and glycine. This amino acid is also vital for the creation of white blood cells and the immune system. However, taking threonine in too high doses can cause unwanted side effects. Therefore, it is critical to follow the recommended dosage and consult a doctor or nutritionist before taking threonine supplements.



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