The fact that a project such as the "Open Insulin Project" exists today is outrageous. The thing should be free and not patented even after more than 80 years of its creation.
When inventor Frederick Banting discovered insulin in 1923, he refused to put his name on the patent. He felt it was unethical for a doctor to profit from a discovery that would save lives. Banting’s co-inventors, James Collip and Charles Best, sold the insulin patent to the University of Toronto for a mere $1. They wanted everyone who needed their medication to be able to afford it.
Today, Banting and his colleagues would be spinning in their graves: Their drug, which many of the 30 million Americans with diabetes rely on, has become the poster child for pharmaceutical price gouging.
How they do it! probably by using the same scheme they use with any bad psychotropics that already killed many people (suicide ...), and need to stop selling them after making billions. Slightly changing the formula and rebranding, then repeat for infinite gain.
I recently watched the movie "Black Water" (DuPont / Teflon Case) and I thought that this can't really happen, that the movie is just a work of fiction. After investigating and reading extensively on the subject online I was as amazed and disgusted. I always know that greed can push people to the darkest abysses that one can imagine, but humans always surprise me by going even lower. The idea that a company was doing things that they know would kill/harm people is unbelievable ... but the funny part is: they're still around and no one is in jail because of it.
All things apart, having a government imposing restrictions on doing research is a delicate thing. It's just hard to just open the gate even though I know that science can't advance if we can't go to unknown places (because of ethics, religion, ....). Good examples would be the cases of steem cell research, cloning, and Human-Animal chimera studies. But the problem is, as with most bureaucratic systems, there is no guarantee that the government will operate/act in good faith for the interest of its population. I learned from history that enough lobbying and money can break the unbreakable.