Has man really reached the Moon?/¿Realmente ha llegado el hombre a la Luna?

in #science18 days ago (edited)

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Normally I do not tend to believe conspiracies, in this case what is perhaps one of the oldest, that of those who still do not believe that man has stepped on the Moon and that all the photographs and videos that have been shown to us, they are nothing more than a montage of the evil US army recorded in a television studio.

Normalmente no suelo dar crédito a las conspiraciones, en este caso a la que quizá sea una de las más antiguas, la de aquellos que aún no se creen que el hombre ha pisado la Luna y que todas las fotografías y vídeos que nos han mostrado, no son más que un montaje del malvado ejército de los USA grabado en un estudio de televisión.

But seeing the repeated failures and cancellations of NASA missions to return to the Moon, it seems legitimate to be a little suspicious, especially considering that in 1969 NASA's computing capacity was much less than that of a telephone, not a smartphone but one of those for retirees with huge keys and only calls and SMS.

Pero viendo los repetidos fallos y cancelaciones de las misiones de la NASA para volver a la Luna parece lícito sospechar un poquito, sobre todo teniendo en cuenta que en 1969 la capacidad de computación de la NASA era mucho menor que la de un teléfono, no ya un smartphone sino uno de esos para jubilados con las teclas enormes y solo con llamadas y SMS.

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In theory, the Artemis III mission would be responsible for sending astronauts to the Moon again and is initially scheduled for the year 2026. The mission depends entirely on the SpaceX Starship but, as you can see, two years before its manned launch the Starship has not yet been able to make an orbital flight.

En teoría la misión Artemis III sería la encargada de volver a enviar astronautas a la Luna y está prevista en principio para el año 2026, la misión depende totalmente de la Starship de SpaceX pero, como podéis constatar, dos años antes de su lanzamiento tripulado la Starship aún no ha sido capaz de hacer un vuelo orbital.

According to experts, the reason is that this new manned mission to the Moon is much more complex than the first. In the Artemis mission, four astronauts will first travel aboard the Orion capsule that will be launched by the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket property of NASA and then two of them will have to transfer to the Starship.

Según los expertos la razón reside en que esta nueva misión tripulada a la Luna es mucho más compleja que la primera, en la misión Artemis cuatro astronautas viajarán primero a bordo de la cápsula Orión que será lanzada por el cohete Space Launch System (SLS) propiedad de la NASA y luego dos de ellos tendrán que hacer transbordo hasta la Starship.


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According to Musk himself, the Starship will require at least ten launches to be able to refuel directly in Earth orbit. After spending a few days on the lunar surface, the two astronauts will return in the Starship to the orbit of the Moon to rejoin the Orion spacecraft and finally make the trip back to Earth.

Según el propio Musk, la Starship requerirá al menos diez lanzamientos para poder repostar directamente en la órbita terrestre. Después de pasar unos días en la superficie lunar, los dos astronautas regresarán en la Starship hasta la órbita de la Luna para volver a pasar a la nave Orion y finalmente hacer el viaje de vuelta a la Tierra.

Personally, I believe that the problem is more social than technological, the Apollo XI mission was the last feat comparable to that of the daring sailors of the 15th century, where everyone knew that dying in the attempt was a more than likely option. In the current situation, security measures will not allow the rocket to take off from the ground in the event of the slightest security problem, in Apollo XI it even seems that J.F. Kennedy had the speech prepared in case everything went to hell and no one came back.

Personalmente yo creo que el problema es más social que tecnológico, la misión del Apollo XI fue la última gesta comparable a la de los osados marinos del siglo XV, donde todos sabían que morir en el intento era una opción más que probable. En la coyuntura actual las medidas de seguridad no permitirán que el cohete despegue del suelo ante el más mínimo problema de seguridad, en el Apollo XI incuso parece ser que J.F. Kennedy tenía preparado el discurso por si todo se iba al garete y ninguno regresaba.

More information/Más información
https://www.space.com/why-is-getting-to-the-moon-so-hard

https://www.xataka.com.mx/espacio/primera-vez-anos-70-no-esta-claro-que-estados-unidos-sea-capaz-llevar-astronautas-a-luna

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At the time, winning the "space race" aka landing on the Moon was very important. That's why there were less limits on the budget and security was not as tight as it is today. Now, people won't care if we reach the moon again, if they are going through economic difficulties. Different times, different public perception, different security concerns, different budgets, and different goals.

At that time we still were romantics.

Men were there most certainly, the surface reflectors left behind verify that. It's really not all that hard to make it to the moon, and old model smart phone could run the whole mission. What was most impressive is most of the math was done with slide rules, because they didn't yet have calculators.

But when there is a will, there is a way. How did Leif Erikson and the Vikings reach Canada around a thousand years ago? Sheer will power and using the technology available to them to make it happen. That's how we made it there in the first place. It will be interesting to see how the new starship performs on the test launch tomorrow. Until Space X gets that right no one from the US will be back on the moon any time soon!

Hello my dearest friend... Another amazing blog...It's so interesting how space exploration has evolved. The Apollo missions were daring feats, but today's safety standards make it very very challenging to replicate. Social and technological factors intertwine in our quest for the stars. I hope NASA and SpaceX thrives in this