Spain revives the Strait tunnel project/España revive el proyecto del túnel del estrecho

in #science26 days ago

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At the end of the 1980s, under the reign of Juan Carlos I of Spain and Hassan II of Morocco, state companies were created in each country that symbolized the "first stone" of the construction of an underwater tunnel that would join the continents of Europe and Africa through the Strait of Gibraltar.

A finales de la década de los años 80 del siglo pasado, bajo el reinado de Juan Carlos I de España y Hasán II de Marruecos, se crearon sendas compañías estatales en cada país que simbolizaban la "primera piedra" de la construcción de un túnel submarino que uniría los continentes de Europa y Àfrica a través del estrecho de Gibraltar.

For the construction of this pharaonic project, two options were considered: a bridge or a tunnel that would cover the thirteen kilometers of distance that separate the two continents and finally the development of a tunnel was chosen, but the political relations between both countries have not always been cordial so the experiment was postponed several times.

Para la construcción de este proyecto faraónico se pensó en dos opciones un puente o un túnel que habría de cubrir los de trece quilómetros de distancia que separan los dos continentes y finalmente se optó por el desarrollo de un túnel, pero las relaciones políticas entre ambos países no siempre han sido cordiales por lo que el experimento se pospuso varias veces.

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But now it seems that they have revived the project again and in his recent visit to Rabat, the Spanish transport minister Óscar Puente intends to rescue the project and prepare a new meeting "as soon as possible" between the two state companies created in the 80s to revive the construction and begin studying the necessary infrastructure.

Pero ahora parece que han vuelto a revivir el proyecto y en su visita reciente a Rabat, el ministro de transportes español Óscar Puente pretende rescatar el proyecto y preparar una nueva reunión "cuanto antes" entre las dos sociedades estatales creadas en los 80 para revivir la construcción y empezar a estudiar las infraestructuras necesarias.

The work is not trivial and over four decades different alternatives were proposed, the shortest part has the disadvantage of being over a canyon that reaches eight hundred meters deep so it was necessary to consider another area further west that "only" It is three hundred meters in its deepest part.

La obra no es trivial y a lo largo de cuatro décadas se plantearon diferentes alternativas, la parte más corta tiene el inconveniente de estar sobre un cañón que alcanza los ochocientos metros de profundidad por lo que hubo que considerar otra zona más al oeste que "tan solo" tiene trescientos metros en su parte más profunda.

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Finally, the route chosen by the experts would connect Punta Paloma Playa with the Cape Malabata Lighthouse, near Tangier, and will have to go down 500 meters below the water surface and then go up with a slope that allows it to be overcome by a railway and still has to be taken up by elevator in the last section.

Finalmente el trazado elegido por los expertos conectaría Punta Paloma Playa con el Faro del Cabo de Malabata, en las cercanías de Tánger y tendrá que bajar 500 metros por debajo de la superficie del agua y luego ir subiendo con una pendiente que permita que sea superable por un ferrocarril y aún así ha de elevarse en ascensor en el último tramo.

But this type of adventure not only requires will, it is a very complicated job and therefore very expensive, the last estimate was made thirty years ago at 13,000 million Euros and today it is estimated that it would cost double that.
Although we must also take into account the development opportunities not only for Spain and Morocco but also for the rest of Europe.

Pero para este tipo de aventuras no solo se requiere voluntad, se trata de un trabajo muy complicado y por tanto muy caro, la última estimación se realizó hace treinta años en 13.000 millones de Euros y hoy se calcula que costaría el doble.
Aunque también hay que tener en cuenta las oportunidades de desarrollo no solo para España y Marruecos sino también para el resto de Europa.

More information/Más información
https://www.alestiklal.net/en/view/21969/will-the-2030-world-cup-accelerate-the-morocco-spain-tunnel-project

https://www.lavanguardia.com/motor/actualidad/20240112/9312829/proyecto-tunel-submarino-unir-espana-marruecos-estrecho-gibraltar-no-materializa-tsc.html

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Thats a pretty interesting project. I'm assuming there would be some pretty good economic benefits particularly for Spain and Morocco. Would be great to see.

Let see...

not sure this is such a great idea...

It should be good but I don't trust politicians very much.

imagine the corrupts pay cheque

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