How we perceive the world? 👀 // Cómo percibimos el mundo. 👀

in #spanish • 3 years ago (edited)

I am studying the first semester of Integral Design and in our evaluative plan of the subject "Fundamentals of Design" They sent us to make resources about visual perception and its principles, I want to this share here because I find it very interesting.
I begin to define what perception is, perception is a mechanism that we humans do, this mechanism, consist in recive, interpretation and understanding, the signals that come from outside, it is visual perception, when this mechanism is through the sense of sight, the ability to interpret the environment thanks to the rays of light that reach our eyes, is the interpretation of visual external stimuli, which are related to the previous cognition of the human and even the emotional state of the same. Although this act is daily and performed automatically, it is not at all simple.
This is the process of the components, the search for meaning and the encounter of meaning.
In this mechanism not only participe the receiver, but also the sender and the given message.

Estoy estudiando el primer semestre de Diseño Integral y en nuestro plan de evaluación de la asignatura "Fundamentos del diseño". Nos enviaron a hacer recursos sobre la percepción visual y sus principios. Quiero compartir esto aquí porque me parece muy interesante.
Empiezo por definir qué es la percepción, la percepción es un mecanismo que hacemos los humanos, este mecanismo consiste en recibir, interpretar y comprender, las señales que vienen de fuera, es la percepción visual, cuando este mecanismo es a través del sentido de la vista. La capacidad de interpretar el entorno gracias a los rayos de luz que llegan a nuestros ojos, es la interpretación de estímulos visuales externos, que están relacionados con la cognición previa del ser humano e incluso con el estado emocional del mismo. Aunque este acto es diario y se realiza automáticamente, no es en absoluto simple.
Este es el proceso de los componentes, la búsqueda de significado y el encuentro de significado.
En este mecanismo no solo participan el receptor, sino también el remitente y el mensaje dado.


ojo-cerebro.jpg
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There are two levels in the interpretation of a message, the denoted and the connoted.

The denoted is relatively objective and mostly presents descriptive elements or representations of an image or text.
A clear and understandable example is that of a traffic signal.

Hay dos niveles en la interpretación de dicho mensaje, el denotado y el connotado.
El denotado es relativamente objetivo y mayormente presenta elementos descriptivos o representaciones de una imagen o texto.
Un ejemplo claro y entendible es el de una señal de transito.

senal-stop-kinF--620x349@abc.jpg

Source/Fuente

The connotade is where the receiver has a more active participation in the interpretation of the message, that is, it is subjective and the design or message tries to act on the emotional reactions of the person.
An example for this would be some painting where each person can give their own meaning according to their perception of it.

El connotado es donde el receptor tiene una participación más activa en la interpretación del mensaje, es decir, es subjetivo y el diseño o mensaje trata de actuar sobre las reacciones emotivas de la persona.
Un ejemplo para este sería alguna pintura en donde cada persona puede darle un significado propio según su percepción de la misma.

las-dos-fridas frida kahlo.jpg

Frida Kahlo - “Las dos Fridas”

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Visual perception presents a series of laws, called Gestalt Laws.
The law of enclose, the law of alternation, the law of proximity, the law of similarity, the law of contrast, the law of symmetry, the law of simplicity, the figure and the background, the common movement.

Here I present three examples:

La percepción visual presenta una serie de leyes, llamadas Leyes de Gestalt.
Las cuales son: Ley del cierre, ley de alternancia, ley de proximidad, ley de semejanza, ley de contraste, ley de simetría, ley de simplicidad, figura y fondo, movimiento común.

Aquí presento tres ejemplos:

The Enclose law / Ley de Clausura

indios-715x400.jpg
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Inside this law you can perceive the image as complete or finished even if it lacks strokes or contours

En esta ley se puede percibir la imagen como completa incluso si carece de trazos o contornos.


Law of figure and background AKA law of simplicity

Ley de figura y fondo también conocida ley de simplicidad.

Petroglifo-Gayon.jpg

Source/Fuente

Here are two different laws, the law of the figure and the background, and the figure distinguishes the background in this case, the background is white and the figure is the "petroglyph gayon" in a dark color and the law of simplicity where the image is look without complicating the time to interpret it.

I use these images as representatives of the laws, since we are working on rescuing the aboriginal culture of the center western of Venezuela.

I invite you to investigate and learn about all these laws, as they are very interesting.

Thank you for your attention, I hope you have learned and I have contributed with something new to you. 💕

Aquí hay dos leyes diferentes, la ley de la figura y el fondo, y la figura distingue el fondo en este caso, el fondo es blanco y la figura es el petroglifo gayon de un color oscuro y la ley de la simplicidad donde se ve la imagen. Sin complicar el tiempo para interpretarlo.

Utilizo estas imágenes como representantes de las leyes, ya que estamos trabajando para rescatar la cultura aborigen del centro occidental de Venezuela.

Los invito a investigar y conocer todas estas leyes, ya que son muy interesantes.

Gracias por su atención, espero que hayan aprendido y que les haya aportado algo de información nueva. 💕

Also consider to follow our trail on steemauto We thanks all the support.

También considera unirte a nuestro trail de curación en steemauto

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